Treatment options for Eye Conditions

The Chelmsford, Essex offers specialist and comprehensive treatment for a very wide range of eye conditions, including some of the less common and more complex. All eye surgery at The Chelmsford is performed as a day-case. As soon as patients feel comfortable after surgery (and providing it is safe for them to do so), they can recover in the comfort of their own home.

Cataract surgery

Cataracts are treated by replacing the cloudy lens of your eye with a new lens. The old lens is replaced with an artificial lens (implant), which is placed inside the eye in the same position as the old one. The strength of the implant is calculated before the operation to ensure that it will suit your eye. The operation is usually carried out through a tiny cut in the eye that seals without any stitches.

The operation is one of the most successful, with more than 95% of patients achieving an improvement in their vision. Unfortunately cataracts can not be prevented, but with regular eye tests, particularly as you get older, cataracts can be picked up in their early stages so that you can receive treatment sooner.


Corneal transplant

Some corneal disorders can be treated with topical or systemic medication, glasses or contact lenses. When corneal disorders become significantly problematic, surgical procedures may be necessary.  Corneal transplantation is a surgical procedure which entails replacement of the damaged cornea with a healthy cornea, thus improving the function, appearance of the eye and relieving any discomfort. All types of corneal transplantation (partial or full thickness) are available.


Glaucoma treatment

The Chelmsford Eye Clinic, Essex uses the most advanced diagnostic techniques to identify if Glaucoma is present. The type of treatment will depend on the severity of the Glaucoma with early cases simply requiring eye drops. More advanced cases may require laser or conventional surgery which could be carried out with anti-scarring agents. Most importantly, early stage treatment and repeated testing is effective in preventing Glaucoma blindness. This condition can be treated with a trabeculectomy procedure, Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty or with a Xen Gel implant.


Retinal and macular disorders

The treatment of retinal problems and macular disorders depend on the diagnosis. If the patient’s condition is advanced, they may need intra-vitreous injections which will also require follow up visits and repeat optical coherence tomography (OCT) testing to assess progress. Lucentis injections are also commonly used to treat age related macular degeneration (AMD) or anti-VEGF injections are used to treat diabetic retinopathy (another form of macular degeneration). For either treatment, the patient is given local anaesthetic eye drops which numb the eye. Recovery is fairly quick and patients typically return home within an hour or two and resume their normal activities within 24 hours.


Squints / Lazy eye treatment options

Squints are treated depending on the cause. Treatment options include the correction of any refractive error and occlusion (covering) of the good eye or blurring the vision in the good eye (penalization) in order to promote the use of the lazy eye. Individual other treatments would also be necessary depending on the cause, such as removal of cataracts, or squint surgery at the appropriate stage. Many eyes can show some improvement in vision even to a level equal to the good eye, but the majority of eyes still have some residual amblyopia. Eyes that show no improvement may require further investigations to exclude other underlying causes.


Ectropion, Entropion & Ptosis treatment

All these conditions can easily be treated with surgery carried out under local anaesthetic to correct the position of the eyelid.



Blepharitis is often treatable with simple eyelid hygiene guidance but in resistant or severe cases, medical treatment is needed.



Blepharoplasty is an occularplastic procedure used to improve the appearance of the eyes by surgically addressing some of the effects of ageing on the eye lids.


Posterior Capsular Opacification (PCO)

This is the formation of “frosting” on the back side of the lens after a cataract procedure which can cause blurred vision, it affects up to 10% of people post-surgery but can be treated by YAG laser.